Since the beginning, energy has been the basic need of humanity. Human life can hardly subsist without the use of energy. From flora and fauna to environment, from agriculture to industry and from transportation to communication, every activity on earth depends on energy. The global energy need is increasing rapidly with the expansion of population and industrialization, while the conventional sources of energy are depleting at an alarming rate. Moreover, the recent environmental issues have put forward a question mark on the use of these conventional sources. Issues related to energy conservation measures, global warming and climatic change are becoming hot topics of discussion, hence, there is a demand for an alternate energy source which is abundant, renewable and environmentally clean.

In this regard, National Planning Commission (NPC)/Government of Nepal convey the following in connection to the application of renewable energy:

“The Objective of the alternative energies sub-sector will be to develop a rural energy system which is directed towards poverty alleviation and oriented to rural development; to gradually substitute the use of traditional energy sources by modem and affordable energy, keeping in mind the impact of such energy use on the environment; the dependency on external sources by developing, extending and commercializing the technology of using locally available energy sources to the maximum.”

The planning document further elaborated this policy, “technical educational institutions (like the institute of Engineering) will be encouraged to conduct training to produce low-level, middle-level and high-level personnel as per needs.”

Also, the International Conference on “Role of Renewable Energy Technology for Rural Development (RETRUD-98), held in Kathmandu from 12 to 14 October 1998 and attended by more than 200 participants from 22 countries of the world, has recommended to establish the Center for Energy Studies (CES) at the Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University. Based on this recommendation and to keep pace with global energy research, development and education in renewable energy engineering, the Executive Council of the Tribhuvan University established the Center for Energy Studies (CES) on 21 January 1999.

International Conference on Renewable Energy Technology for Rural Development (RETRUD-03), held in Kathmandu from 12 to 14 October 2003, attended by more than 300 participants from 22 countries has recommended to include Renewable Energy in the national energy policy, fix goals, provide a level playing field and continue to produce trained manpower of various levels on RET.

The first National Conference on Renewable Energy Technology for Rural Development (RETRUD-06), held in Kathmandu from 12 to 14 October 2006, attended by 316 participants, has recommended that renewable energy be used for improving quality of life, reducing poverty and having easy access to information.